Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease and Lumbar Spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, or just weak and fractured spines can be required to undergo spinal fusion surgery. The aim of the surgery is to stop the motion at a painful vertebral segment.
Usual surgical strategies vary in position where it is performed. Posterolateral gutter fusion, Posterior lumbar interbody fusion, and Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion are all done from the back to the front of the spine. Anterior lumbar interbody fusion and anterior spinal fusions are done from the front to the back of the spine. Extreme lateral procedures are done on the side.
Not all spinal fusions can be successful and is reliant on many underlying factors such as patient‘s lifestyle, surgeon’s expertise and accurate preoperative diagnosis.