Adult degenerative scoliosis is a deformity of the spine’s curvature occurring due to advancing age and spinal deterioration. In most patients suffering from this condition, the degeneration of the spine occurs after the age of 40, and the underlying cause for spinal bone degenerating is osteoporosis, especially in elderly women.
The combination of age and weakening of the bone due to osteoporosis results in the spine losing its ability to maintain the normal curvature and shape. With the sagging of the spinal column, there is development of the typical scoliotic curve.
What Causes Adult Degenerative Scoliosis
Different aspects can lead to adult degenerative scoliosis Rutherford NJ. Usually the term adult scoliosis is for scoliosis occurring after puberty. However, it could also be due to unrecognized or untreated childhood scoliosis.
Scoliosis developing after 40 is usually due to some condition that affects the vertebral column. These conditions include osteoporosis, which is depletion of bone mass, or osteomalacia where the bones soften. In certain cases, scoliosis can also develop after a spinal surgery, which results in creating an imbalance in the spinal column.
What Happens with the Onset of Adult Degenerative Scoliosis?
In the beginning, most patients feel lower back pain with the onset of adult degenerative scoliosis Rutherford NJ. Usually the deformity is noticed later, and the patient visits a spine specialist because of the pain. The pain may not be localized in the deformed curvature, but will be caused because of the degeneration process.
The type of deformity occurring in the spine could put pressure on the spinal cord or nerves, which results in pain in the lower back region or legs, numbness, and weakness. In severe condition, where the spinal cord is being pressed, the patient can lose leg muscle coordination, and will not be able to walk normally.
Diagnosis of Adult Degenerative Scoliosis Rutherford NJ
In order to form an effective treatment plan, it is important to diagnose the issue properly. For ruling out other possible conditions, the doctor will take a detailed history of the patient. Since adult degenerative scoliosis could be genetic, the doctor can ask about family history as well.
If the patient has taken X-ray of the spine previously, it can help in determining if there are changes in the spinal curve or if the deformity has become worse. To determine the seriousness of nerve damage, the doctor will test motor function and check to see if there is dysfunction of the bladder or the bowel.